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Harald Ade

Goodnight Innovation Distinguished Professor

NC State University, Department of Physics
851 Main Campus Dr., Raleigh NC 27606.


Professor Ade received his PhD in 1990 in Physics from SUNY at Stony Brook (now Stony Brook University) and joined the NCSU faculty in 1992. He has held appointments at NCSU ever since: Assistant Professor (1992-97), Associate Professor (1997-2001), and Full Professor (since 2001-2011), Distinguished Professor of Physics (2012-2017), and Goodnight Innovation Distinguished Professor (2017 – present).

Research interests

Prof. Ade developed a number of novel instruments and characterization methods, which include Near Edge X-ray Absorption Fine Structure (NEXAFS) microscopy, X-ray linear dichroism microscopy, X-ray photoemission microscopy, resonant x-ray reflectivity and resonant soft x-ray scattering (R-SoXS). Their applications focus primarily on determining the composition, morphology and structure of polymeric and organic electronic materials at the sub-micron spatial scale. R-SoXS has become a method de rigueur for the characterization of organic photovoltaic devices, as it affords high scattering contrast, sensitivity to molecular orientation, and a q-range that matches important lengths-scale of the device morphology. Instrumentation advanced in x-ray microscopy have lead to a commercial instrument by Accel (now Bruker). In general, his research interests span the following topics.

  • Synchrotron-based soft X-ray characterization of polymer and carbon materials,
  • Organic photovoltaic,
  • charge transport,
  • meso-scale morphology.

Select Publications | Complete List Of Publications

Visit ResearchGate to download many of the papers in pdf.

L. Ye, Wenchao Zhao, S. Li, S. Mukherjee, J. H Carpenter, O. Awartani, X. Jiao, J. Hou, H. Ade, High‐Efficiency Nonfullerene Organic Solar Cells: Critical Factors that Affect Complex Multi‐Length Scale Morphology and Device Performance, Adv. Energy Mater. 7, 1602000 (2017). link

Z. Zheng, O. M. Awartani, B. Gautam, D. Liu, Y. Qin, W. Li, A. Bataller, K. Gundogdu, H. Ade, J. Hou, Efficient Charge Transfer and Fine‐Tuned Energy Level Alignment in a THF‐Processed Fullerene‐Free Organic Solar Cell with 11.3% Efficiency, Adv. Mater. 29, 1604241 (2017). link

H. Bin, Y. Y., Z.-G. Zhang, L. Ye, M. Ghasemi, S. Chen, Y. Zhang, C. Zhang, C. Sun, L. Xue, C. Yang, H. Ade, Y. Li, 9.73% Efficiency Nonfullerene All Organic Small Molecule Solar Cells with Absorption-Complementary Donor and Acceptor, J. Am. Cem. Soc139 5085 (2017). link

H. Yao, L. Ye, J. Hou, B. Jang, G. Han, Y. Cui, G. M Su, C. Wang, B. Gao, R. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. Yi, H. Y. Woo, H. Ade, J. Hou, Achieving Highly Efficient Nonfullerene Organic Solar Cells with Improved Intermolecular Interaction and Open‐Circuit Voltage, Adv. Mater. 29, 1700254 (2017). link

Xuechen Jiao, Long Ye, Harald Ade, Quantitative Morphology–Performance Correlations in Organic Solar Cells: Insights from Soft X‐Ray Scattering, Adv. Energy Mater. DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201700084 (2017). link

J. Liu, S. Chen, D. Qian, B. Gautam, G. Yang, J. Zhao, J. Bergqvist, F. Zhang, W. Ma, H. Ade, O. Inganäs, K. Gundogdu, F. Gao, H. Yan, Fast charge separation in a non-fullerene organic solar cell with a small driving force, Nat. Energy 1, 16089 (2016). link

J. Zhao, Y. Li, G. Yang, K. Jiang, H. Lin, H. Ade, W. Ma, H. Yan, Efficient organic solar cells processed from hydrocarbon solvents, Nat. Energy 1, 15027 (2016). link

H. Lin, S. Chen, Z. Li, J. Yuk L. Lai, G. Yang, T. McAfee, K. Jiang, Y. Li, Y. Liu, H. Hu, J. Zhao, W. Ma, H. Yan and H. Ade, High-Performance Non-Fullerene Polymer Solar Cells Based on a Pair of Donor–Acceptor Materials with Complementary Absorption Properties, Adv. Mater. 27, 45, 7299 (2015). link

J. R. Tumbleston, B. A. Collins, L. Yang, A. C. Stuart, E. Gann, W. Ma, W. You, and H. Ade, The influence of molecular orientation on organic bulk heterojunction solar cells , Nat Photon 8, 385-391 (2014). (Front Cover 4/26/2014). link

W. Ma, J. R. Tumbleston, L. Ye, C. Wang, J. Hou, and H. Ade, Quantification of Nano- and Mesoscale Phase Separation and Relation to Donor and Acceptor Quantum Efficiency, Jsc, and FF in Polymer:Fullerene Solar Cells, Adva. Mater. 26, 4399-4399 (2014). link

H. Yan, C. Wang, A. R. McCarn, and H. Ade, Accurate and facile determination of the index of refraction of organic thin films near the carbon 1s absorption edge, Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 177401 (2013). link

J. R. Tumbleston, A. C. Stuart, E. Gann, H. Yan, B. A. Collins, W. You, and H. Ade, Fluorinated polymer yields high organic solar cell performance for wide range of morphologies, Adv. Funct. Mater., DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201300093 (2013). link

B. A. Collins, Z. Li, J. R. Tumbleston, E. Gann, C. R. McNeill, and H. Ade, Adv. Absolute measurement of domain composition and nanoscale size distribution explains performance in PTB7:PC71BM solar cells, Energy Mater. 3, 65 (2013). (Front Cover) link

B. A. Collins, J. E. Cochran, H. Yan, E. Gann, C. Hub, R. Fink, C. Wang, T. Schuettfort, C. R. McNeill, M. L. Chabinyc, and H. Ade, Polarized X-ray scattering reveals non-crystalline orientational ordering in organic films, Nat. Mater. 11, 536 (2012). link

B. A. Collins, J. Tumbleston, and H. Ade, Miscibility, crystallinity, and phase development in organic solar cells: Towards an enlightened understanding of device morphology and stability, J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 2, 3135 (2011). link

H. Ade and H. Stoll, Near-edge X-ray absorption fine-structure microscopy of organic and magnetic materials , Nat. Mater. 8, 281 (2009). link

A.L.D. Kilcoyne, T. Tyliszczak, W.F. Steele, S. Fakra, P. Hitchcock, K. Franck, E. Anderson, B. Harteneck, E.G. Rightor, G.E. Mitchell, A.P. Hitchcock, L. Yang, T. Warwick, and H. Ade, Interferometer Controlled Scanning Transmission X-Ray Microscopes at the Advanced Light Source, J. Synchr. Rad. 10, 125-136 (2003). link

S. Zhu, Y. Liu, M.H. Rafailovich, J. Sokolov, D. Gersappe, D. A. Winesett, and H. Ade, Confinement Induced Miscibility in Polymer Blends, Nature 400, 49 (1999). link

H. Ade and B. Hsiao, X-ray Linear Dichroism Microscopy, Science 262, 1427-1429 (1993). link

H. Ade, X. Zhang, S. Cameron, C. Costello, J. Kirz, and S. Williams, Chemical Contrast in X-ray Microscopy and Spatially Resolved XANES Spectroscopy of Organic Specimens, Science 258, 972-975 (1992). link

Honors & Awards

  • 2016 NCSU Alumni Outstanding Research Award
  • 2016 Election to NCSU Research Leadership Academy
  • 2014 Sayers Lecture, Physics, NCSU
  • 2013 Shirley Award for Outstanding Science at the Advanced Light Source
  • 2013 Alumni Outstanding Research Award for 2011-2012
  • 2011 Fellow, American Association for the Advancement of Science
  • 2010 Fellow, American Physical Society
  • 2002 Halbach Award for Innovative Instrumentation, Advanced Light Source, Berkeley
  • 2000 K. F. J. Heinrich Award, Microbeam Analysis Society
  • 1995 Proctor & Gamble Presidential Faculty Fellow Support Program
  • 1995 Sigma Xi Research Award, North Carolina State University Chapter
  • 1994 NSF Young Investigator Award
  • 1994 DuPont Young Professor Grant
  • 1994 Finalist, Proctor & Gamble University Exploratory Research Program
  • 1991 R&D 100 Award